4G Model of Fractional Charge Strong-Weak Super Symmetry

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U. V. S. Seshavatharam
S. Lakshminarayana


To understand the mystery of final unification, in our earlier publications, we proposed that (1), there exist three atomic gravitational constants associated with electroweak, strong and electromagnetic interactions; and (2), there exists a strong interaction elementary charge (es) in such a way that, it's squared ratio with normal elementary charge is close to inverse of the strong coupling constant. In this context, starting from lepton rest masses to stellar masses, we have developed many interesting and workable relations. In this paper the electroweak field seems to be operated by a primordial massive fermion of rest energy 585 GeV. It can be considered as the zygote of all elementary particles and galactic dark matter. Proceeding further, with a characteristic fermion-boson mass ratio of 2.27, quarks can be classified into quark fermions and quark bosons. Considering strong charge conservation and electromagnetic charge conservation, fractional charge quark fermions and quark bosons can be understood. Quark fermions that generate observable massive baryons can be called as Fluons. Quark bosons that generate observable mesons can be called as Bluons. By considering a new hadronic fermion of rest energy 103.4 GeV, rest masses of fluons and bluons can be estimated and there by baryon masses and meson masses can be estimated. We emphasize that, 1) Strong interaction is one best platform for observing and confirming super symmetry (SUSY), 2) All observed baryons and mesons are SUSY particles only and 3) SUSY particles exist at all energy scales and are within the reach of current accelerators.

Four gravitational constants, hadron SUSY, strong charge, strong coupling constant, fluons & bluons.

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Seshavatharam, U. V. S., & Lakshminarayana, S. (2020). 4G Model of Fractional Charge Strong-Weak Super Symmetry. International Astronomy and Astrophysics Research Journal, 2(1), 31-55. Retrieved from http://journaliaarj.com/index.php/IAARJ/article/view/13
Original Research Article


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