Unification of Extragalactic Radio Sources and Re-Acceleration of Radio Jets
Issue: 2022 - Volume 4 [Issue 1]
Ezeugo Jeremiah Chukwuemerie *
Department of Physics and Industrial Physics, NnamdiAzikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria.
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
We use statistical methods of analysis to show that Large extended extragalactic radio sources (large EGRS) and compact steep spectrum (CSS) sources are similar sources evolving in different environments. Because of the diversity of their ambient media, one suffers higher magnitude of jet re-acceleration than the other. Linear regression analysis of observed source linear sizes, , of large extended extragalactic radio quasars against their individual observed redshifts, was carried out. With appreciable correlation coefficient, result shows that relates with redshift according to the equation, ; where is a constant. The relation shows that projected source size is smaller at earlier epoch in the evolution of the universe. In addition, if we take to be distance between any two points in space, then the relation may mean that the diameter of the universe is smaller at earlier epoch of its evolution. Moreover, with some plausible assumption, we find that jet velocity may be written as, . This indicates that mechanism of jet production derives from the source central core (presumed to house a super massive blackhole), as well as, from cosmic evolution. Since cosmic evolution is propelled by dark energy, the relation simply shows that dark energy enhances jet expansion more than blackhole power. Dark energy creates more empty spaces. It is anti-gravity in nature, and is believed to be the driving force behind cosmic dilation. Moreover, we estimate the magnitude of the effect of dark energy on the jet expansion to be three times the effect caused by blackhole power. Therefore, this result suggests that in addition to other factors, a culprit for re-acceleration mechanism for radio jets is dark energy. In order to check the authenticity of the assertion, we carry out linear regression analyses of observed luminosities,, against observed redshifts for both the extended extragalactic radio quasars and CSS quasars. With good correlations in both cases, we obtain ; where and for the extended quasars and CSS quasars respectively. The results show strong dependence of source luminosity on redshift. Moreover, the staggering difference in their indices suggestively implies that if we match the two samples at similar redshifts, luminosities of CSS quasars will be higher than those of the more extended sources. Hence, the results show that at similar epoch, luminosities of the more extended quasars are more extinguished (or more attenuated) than those of the CSS quasars. The jets and lobes of the larger/extended quasars are located in the intergalactic medium (IGM). This medium is very much rarefied and dark energy should be expected to exhibit more effect there than in the interstellar medium (ISM). On the other hand, the components of the CSS sources are sub-galactic. This means that they are buried in the dense ISM. In this medium, there is lesser manifestation of dark energy. Therefore, the disparity in the two indices (0.04 and 4.33) simply indicates manifestation of dark energy. Due to more rapid expansion of the IGM in which the jets and lobes of the extended sources are located, their luminosities are diluted more by more spaces created by dark energy in that medium. This shows that Large EGRS and CSS sources are similar sources evolving in different ambient media. Therefore, because of the diversity of their ambient media, large EGRS suffers higher magnitude of jet re-acceleration than the CSS source. In addition to this, we may state that dark energy is a suspect in enhancement of re-acceleration of the extragalactic jets. In conclusion, our results suggest that in addition to being similar sources evolving in different ambient media, a factor which fuels re-acceleration of extragalactic radio jets is dark energy.
Keywords: Cosmic evolution, linear size, astronomical distance, luminosity, radio sources, quasars, dynamical evolution, re-acceleration, dark energy
How to Cite
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